The terms dermatitis and eczema are used interchangeably to describe several varieties of inflamed, irritated skin. Acute dermatitis usually appears as a red rash, which may be blistered or swollen. When the dermatitis becomes chronic, the skin may become thickened, rough and darker than the surrounding skin due to prolonged scratching.
The affected area is typically treated using topical corticosteroids, topical immunomodulators, antibiotics (if infection is suspected), or oral antihistamines. These treatments may be administered alone or in combination with one another.
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